WHO organised a Global Conference on Climate Change in August 2014

An important conference is timely convened by the World Health Organisation(WHO),some experts hope that the biggest global health threat of the millenium will be biggest opportunity for good health, it though carries responsibility , enthusiasm and promise.

Serious health conditions like Asthma, autoimune syndromes, and heart troubles get worse with increasing threat of climate change,building of toxins, and toxic gases in earths atmosphere, reducing gas emmissions is a must: If we could reduce the severity of autoimmune disorders and other diseases by tackling issues linked with climate change and extreme weather conditions, It will be a victory for all humans.Ecological resilient systems of life are already in nature providing to millions support and relief. Unfortunalely these systems are species, their populations and habitats all part of a unique ecosystem eg coastal ecosystem, to desert ecosystem

My great hope and urge to all involved in the conference is to develop such strong policies that we can reduce the trauma of living in urban polluted air, in cities, and in rural habitats too, or other open areas which are constantly exposed to natural disasters linked to climate change such as melting of artic ice,landslides,typhoons, floods. Everywhere air and water is loaded with unhealthy chemicals; while air is polluted with toxic gases.
As an ecologist, a biodiversity expert for thirty years, my concern and hope will be that during the conference, experts both from health, meteorology, and other expertise discuss and agree to encourage greening of urban environments, including offices, and public places to enable everyone to have access to not just clean air, clean water, but also to green corridors;nutritious, healthy foods ensuring access to leafy green nutritious diets, foods on regular basis preferably grown locally in the regions(enhancing love for natural green covers in kitchen gardens, community gardens. Restorations and regenerations of lost habitats in landslides, breaking of mountains is a different scale of work and takes many decades.

Nations of the world are always debating and wanting to reduce Green house gas emissions- innumerable dialogues held till now, have made the subject easy to understand, but still debates are continuing indefinitely.Agreements are not coming forward which are unanimous, enforceable.

Difference is this, time the topic will be handled in the Global Climate conference organised by WHO from 25-29August 2014.
It will be a great success tif it moves few steps further and start developing policies and guidelines which are health-promoting , biodiversity friendly, providing resilience building, nature rooted solutions. Protecting and providing good health to all- especially the young mothers and their children, pregnant mothers, and to all children, adolescents who may be still not fully exposed to severity and uncertainity of climate change related severe negative impacts on their health like Asthma, Heart trouble, allergies.
Vulnerable people in very poor countries, living with catastrophes such as drought, floods, cyclones, tsunamis, volcanoes need to be equally given highest attention.They are the ones who need not just medicines,but health support and solutions through nutritious diets, clean water and warm,clean homes.A tall order but we are one human family on earth – and each one is importantand whose well being,happiness and continuity is most important goal.
I send my best wishes to Dr M. Chan DG WHO, and all her colleagues and experts,organisers and participants for the success of this important conference
Dr Promila Kapoor-Vijay FLS
Director PBK2100-A platform for probioknowledge in Switzerland, Geneva and UK,London

Access and Benefit Sharing of Bioresources

An International agreement in 2010 was adopted in by the Convention on Biodiversity COP-10 on 29th October,in Nagoya,Japan. The agreement aims at sharing the benefits arising from the utilisation of genetic resources in a fair and equitable manner, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into account all rights over resources and technologies. The agreement ensures that by appropriate funding  it will be contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and its components. 

From 24-28th February 2014 third meeting of the Open ended AdHoc Intergovernmental committee for the Nagoya protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits arising from their utilisation (ICNP-3) is being held in Pyeonchang,Republic of Korea. A  capacity building workshop on the access and benefit-sharing(ABS) is being held on  on 23rd February 2014. The importance of this meeting is because it will be dealing with the need for and modalities of a global multilateral benefit-sharing mechanisms; modalities of operation of the Access and Benefit Sharing clearing house, capacity building, and development.

It is one of the key areas of concern to both the  poor  and rich people in developing and developed countries, as both known and unknown part of the disappearing plant ,animal, microbial biological diversity , genetic resources in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems is of value to human survival on the planet earth. Lack of proper modalities and systems for access and benefit sharing (ABS) has been a big disadvantage to humanity, to disappearing local cultures-traditional knowledge, especially  to those  suffering from poverty, hunger, malnutrition, disease, and ecological /man made environmental disasters.

It is timely the scientific community is joining hands through the Nagoya protocol , and new developments such as International Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).  It is necessary to have integrated  working approach, to  build modalities, protocols  for ensuring greater understanding of knowledge and value  embedded in the biological diversity and its components for preservation of our earths ecosystems.

I believe that the  universal sustainable development goals when  established in 2015 will become worthwhile  only new developments are  integrated with principles of   fair access and equitable sharing of benefits of biological resources and ecosystem services associated with biological diversity while conserving and maintaining them in their native environments. The sustainable future can be assured  to future generations, provided correct  steps and mechanisms are developed for delivery and  access of equitable sharing of benefits associated with bioresources and ecosystem  services.

Promila Kapoor-Vijay

Director PBK-2100

23 February 2014

PROBIO-NEWSLETTER August Issue, 2011 New-Biological Knowledge : Advances in biological knowledge are emerging every day to know more on biological diversity. New information and discovery is to help deal with hunger,malnutrition, cure and prevention from heavy burden of diseases both non communicable and communicable. Simple and advanced techniques, methods and solutions are being developed to diagnose, detect and prevent these diseases among the vulnerable populations. 1-Scientific researches have shown that several plant species have active ingredient s which are used in indigenous health systems used by people all over the world., Piperine, a active ingredient found in a commonly used plant, Piper Longum Linn. has blood pressure lowering properties and this was reported in 2008 in Journal of Cardiovasular Pharmacol. New studies on this will be reported in next issue. 2- A bacterium strain ,Wolbachia pipientis, can help stop the dengue virus replicating in host mosquito. It was reported in Journal Nature 3.-A New Test to detect TB has been proposed by doctors and scientists working at the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB).In this test there is no need for sputum or blood samples, as volatie organic compounds ( VOCs) analysed in the urine of TB patients the vocs were significantly altered when compared to that in the healthy patients. Distinct pattern of these organic compunds can be used to identify TB patients. It is similar to using distinct fingerprints of humans for identification purposes. The finding represents a potential biomarker for routine TB diagnosis as well as follow-up on treatment responsiveness.” There is more rigorous examination needed throughout Indian cities. For further reading: Banday,K.M.et al, Anal.Chem.83,5526-5534 Probionewsletter by Dr Promila Kapoor-Vijay,Ph.D Director, PBK© Email: contactus@probioknowledge.com

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